Why plant Audubon® Native Yellowwood?
The All-American Yellowwood is an underused medium to large shade tree that will bring an easy elegance to your landscape whether your garden style is grand and formal or more intimate and naturalistic. Its arching canopy and bright green leaves will create a shady spot below for playing, dining, or just unwinding in summer, and in fall, its foliage will light up your yard with a golden glow. In spring, you may be treated to a show of long chains of fragrant white flowers adorning this stellar specimen tree’s branches. Yellowwood doesn’t bloom every year, but when it does, it’s spectacular. Some think the blossoms smell like Pez candy!
Yellowwood’s botanical name, Cladrastis, means “fragile branch,” indicating that this is perhaps not the best tree for the kids’ tire swing. Its wood is hard, though, and was probably used for gun stock in more than a few Civil War rifles. Its species name, kentukea, is a nod to one of the states to which it is native. In all of those states, however, yellowwood is listed as threatened, endangered, or in some degree of scarcity in the wild. Planting one in your own yard will help ensure that this beautiful species lives on.
How to use Audubon® Native Yellowwood in the landscape?
Good ol' American Yellowwood. Why's it called Yellowwood you ask? Because the wood of the tree contains yellow dye which colors the heartwood of the tree. All the crazy stuff we learn just by reading a tag! Anyway, this is one cool tree. The leaves when they first appear are yellowish-green but later turn to bright green in summer and then turn to yellow during fall. And the blooms on this tree are awesome (although Yellowwood only tends to bloom every few years)! Intensely fragrant, white flower clusters covers mature trees in late spring. The flower clusters will remind you of Wisteria blooms. After flowers fade, flat brown seed pods appear and mature in fall. American Yellowwood is one excellent, low maintenance tree that is well suited as a shade tree in your garden!
Hardiness Zone: 4-8
How To Plant Audubon® Native Yellowwood
Although native to hot and humid Southeastern and Lower Midwestern states, Yellowwood is surprisingly cold-hardy, and can be grown as far north as Maine. It prefers to have sun for most of the day, but is quite accepting of light shade as well. It is not fussy about soil pH either, so whether you have an acid or an alkaline soil—or even if you don’t know which you have—it really doesn’t matter! Its smooth, slate-gray bark is thin, and should be shielded from string trimmers and overzealous kitties.
How To Water
Be sure to give your Yellowwood regular water while it becomes established; afterwards, it will tolerate dry spells on its own.
How To Fertilize
Incorporate Elements Starter Plant food granular form into the soil when planting. If planting in spring or summer, start fertilizing late fall using Elements Starter Plant food granular form on an annual basis each late fall. Continue this for the first three years to get your plant well established.
How To Prune
One other thing you should know about Yellowwood is that it's a 'bleeder'. Like Birch and Maple, it will ooze sap if you prune it in the winter or spring, so wait until summer to make any cuts. Bleeding doesn't actually harm the tree, but it can look alarming!