- Hardiness Zone: 3-9
- Mature Height: 15-20' tall
- Mature Width: 15-20' wide
- Exposure: Full Sun/Partial Shade/Shade
- Spacing: 15-20' apart
- May Benefit & Attract: cardinals & grosbeaks, wrens, sparrows, thrushes, orioles, finches, mockingbirds & thrashers, vireos
- The National Audubon Society protects birds and the places they need, today and tomorrow.
- This bird-friendly native trees provides food and shelter for local and migrating birds and other wildlife
- All Audubon® branded trees are grown 100% Neonic-free by Bower & Branch, making these plants safer for the birds and safer for the environment.
- Hand Selected, Fresh from the Grower
- Ships in a plant-safe designed box
Why the Audubon® Wafer Ash Treeling?
Common Hop Tree is your ticket to one of nature’s most spellbinding shows: the lifecycle of the giant swallowtail butterfly! This supersized beauty—the largest of our native North American butterflies—will take your breath away. It is fascinating at all stages of life. It starts out as a tiny orange egg laid on Hop Tree leaves. Then, as a caterpillar, you get a hint of how beautiful they will grow to be with their unique black and green tiger stripes! As a chrysalis, it looks just like a broken stick. As an adult, it transforms itself once more—this time into a gorgeous black and yellow butterfly with a wingspan of up to seven inches. Truly magical!
The Common Hop Tree has a wide but scattered natural range. This small, multi-stemmed understory tree is most abundant in the Midwest, but it is also native to the Mid-Atlantic states, the Southeast, parts of the Southwest, and Mexico. It is the hardiest member of the Citrus family in North America, and that’s why the giant swallowtail is so interested in it—she only lays her eggs on Citrus-family plants. In Florida and California, giant swallowtail caterpillars feed on commercial Citrus trees, and there, these beautiful creatures are considered pests! Citrus growers call them “orange dogs,” and spray for them.
How to use in the landscape?
Common Hop Tree gets its name from the fact that the wafer-like seeds were once used as a substitute for hops in beer-brewing. Its other common name is Wafer Ash. It is not an Ash Tree at all, but its leaves look a little like Ash leaves. On second thought, they look more like Poison Ivy, but “Poison Ivy Tree” does not have a nice ring to it!
Why Bower & Branch?
We do the hard part. Our trees and plants are grown and cared for by only the best, local growers for years before they find their forever home in your landscape. Bower & Branch is known for having hard-to-find, substantial sizes and selection. The quality of our trees and plants are consistent in health and vigor—always ready for immediate impact in your garden and instant curb appeal. We believe in empowering homeowners with the truth about strong, healthy and structurally sound plants that are grown to perform in the ground after they leave the nursery for home delivery, always fresh inventory from the grower
Audubon is devoted to protecting birds and the places they need, while Bower & Branch is devoted to the growth of true native trees and plants–no cultivars or hybrids. Together, we strive to unite communities in conservation and inspire individuals to cultivate a better world for birds starting in their own backyards, balconies, or patios. By guiding and recommending trees and plants truly native and beneficial to your region, we can really start to make a difference.
What is the definition of Native?
“In the United States, a native plant is defined as one that was naturally found in a particular area before European colonization. Native plants are the foundation of a region’s biodiversity, providing essential food sources and shelter for birds, especially those threatened by the changing climate. Since native plants are adapted to local precipitation and soil conditions, they generally require less upkeep, therefore helping the environment and saving you time, water, and money.” – The National Audubon Society
Learn how you can help birds in your home and community through Audubon’s Plants for Birds program.
Audubon® is a licensed and registered trademark of the National Audubon Society. All rights reserved.
Hardiness Zone: 3-9
Mature Height: 15-20' tall
Mature Width: 15-20' wide
Exposure: Full Sun/Part Shade/Shade
Spacing: 15-20' apart
How To Plant
Common Hop Tree is a hardy, undemanding, trouble-free tree. In the wild, it typically grows in the understory, but it also grows well in full sun. You’ll want to water your tree regularly during the establishment period (the first year or two). After that, it will be quite drought tolerant and should be able to survive on what falls from the sky. Like most Citrus-family plants, Hop Tree has very aromatic foliage; as a result, deer tend not to browse it. Giant swallowtails don’t mind the flavor, however!
How To Fertilize
Incorporate Elements Starter Plant food granular form into the soil when planting. If planting in spring or summer, start fertilizing late fall using Elements Starter Plant food granular form on an annual basis each late fall. Continue this for the first three years to get your plant well established.
Hardiness Zone: 3-9
How Does Shipping Work?
How Does Sizing Work?
The size of our trees have nothing to do with the container size like you may find elsewhere–big doesn't mean just height - it’s also vigor, age, and overall health.. Other online retailers are going to tell you that a plant is a seven gallon, that means nothing to your tree or plant (or you.)
Our trees for sale online are graded on large, x-large, and even bigger sizes. This is because our trees are sized by their age—the higher the letter, the more mature the tree. The age determines the trees’ overall height, size of the trunk and the overall branch density.
All of these characteristics are what you should be looking for when choosing a tree for immediate impact and instant curb appeal. Our extra-large tree and plant sizes are sure to wow you and your neighbors!
See the size guides below.